Anomie

Anomie

Anomie - The Daily Concept
Anomie – The Daily Concept

The state of anomie occurs when society offers little moral guidance to individuals, it’s the breakdown of social bonds between individual and society, the fragmentation of identity. This concept was popularized in 1897 by the French sociologist Emile Durkheim. According to Durkheim, anomie usually occurs when there is a mismatch between individual or group standards and wider social standards or from the lack of a social ethic.

Examples: an individual that strives to achieve the common goals of a certain society might use a behavior that violates social norms, if he can’t achieve these goals legitimately because of the structural limits in the society.

Another anomie example occurs among tourists:

“travel has the advantage of permitting the traveller to behave in a manner normally circumvented by the dictates of convention. When on holiday the tourist can overstep the bounds of fashion, tell a few stories normally deemed improper or inappropriate, wear flashy clothes, eat exotic food, get drunk, become more sexually permissive, alter his timetable, stay up half the night, listen to loud local music, etc., in short, indulge in those kinds of behavior generally frowned upon in his home environment.”

 

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Culture of Poverty

Culture of poverty

Culture of Poverty - The Daily Concept
Culture of Poverty – The Daily Concept

This concept in social theory states that pauper people are most probable stuck to a cycle of poverty unless some outside intervention happens.  According to anthropologist Oscar Lewis the poor develop aspirations, a character, a worldview and mechanics that tend to perpetuate their status.

Newer research typically rejects the idea that whether people are poor can be explained by their values.

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Axiom of Cumulative Inertia

Axiom of Cumulative Inertia

The Daily Concept - Axiom of Cumulative Inertia
The Daily Concept – Axiom of Cumulative Inertia

The title of this sociological axiom sounds complicated and off-putting but the axiom itself is easy to explain:  it basically says that the more time someone spends in a certain place the less likely the person is to move out from that place in the future.

Some reasons for this kind of behavior might include: loss aversion which results from possible unknown problems in a new place of residence, financial stability – it’s possible that the person might have achieved a successful career after staying at the same workplace for a while, the presence of a social network – family and friends.

In conclusion: the more you sit in the same place the more you are likely to remain there and the more motives for you to stay there accumulate.

 

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