Concept of the Day: Antipositivism (Interpretivism)

Antipositivism

The Daily Concept - Antipositivism
The Daily Concept – Antipositivism

The Scientific Method of investigation goes through a loop of observation, formulation of a question, coming up with a hypothesis, making a prediction based on the hypothesis, testing the prediction, analyzing the results of the test and coming up with a conclusion. Well, antipositivism (interpretivism) states that the scientific method that is applied to the natural world cannot be applied to the social realm. The idea is that is hard to capture all the variability and the nuance found in human interactions.

Many interpretative researchers immerse themselves in the social context that they are studying and use methods such as interviews and observation.

 

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Concept of the Day: Directed Mutagenesis

Directed Mutagenesis

The Daily Concept - Directed mutagenesis
The Daily Concept – Directed mutagenesis

 

This is an interesting hypothesis which challenges the standard theory of evolution and the mechanism through which evolution is achieved: random mutations. The directed mutagenesis hypothesis states that evolution occurs in a more “direct” way, that organisms have an innate tendency to evolve in a certain direction, towards a “goal”.

In an experiment conducted in 1988, John Cairns grew the Escherichia Coli bacteria in a medium where lactose was the only source of energy (the bacteria lacks the ability to metabolize lactose),  and found out that the bacteria evolved to metabolize lactose many times of magnitude faster than would be expected if the mutations were truly random. This experiment led John Cairns to believe that the mutations occurred in the direction of the genes responsible with lactose utilization.

 

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Reward Theory of Attraction

Reward Theory of Attraction

What this theory basically says is that people tend to like (be attracted) to those whom they associate with rewarding events. In other words, people tend to be attracted to those that make them feel good or to those that remind them of people they enjoy being around. If a relationship offers more reward and pleasure than cost and pain than that relationship is more likely to continue.

The Daily Concept - Reward Theory of Attraction
The Daily Concept – Reward Theory of Attraction

This theory can explain why no love can feel like the first one: a first love generates new sensations, feelings and a lot of novelty. And this theory can also explain why people tend to be attracted by those that remind them of an ex, whether physically or a similarity in attitudes, gestures, voice, or interests.

 

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Axiom of Cumulative Inertia

Axiom of Cumulative Inertia

The Daily Concept - Axiom of Cumulative Inertia
The Daily Concept – Axiom of Cumulative Inertia

The title of this sociological axiom sounds complicated and off-putting but the axiom itself is easy to explain:  it basically says that the more time someone spends in a certain place the less likely the person is to move out from that place in the future.

Some reasons for this kind of behavior might include: loss aversion which results from possible unknown problems in a new place of residence, financial stability – it’s possible that the person might have achieved a successful career after staying at the same workplace for a while, the presence of a social network – family and friends.

In conclusion: the more you sit in the same place the more you are likely to remain there and the more motives for you to stay there accumulate.

 

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Concept of the Day: Germ Theory Denialism

Germ theory denialism

The Daily Concept - Germ theory denialism
The Daily Concept – Germ theory denialism

The advocates of this theory consider that germs are not the cause of diseases but only a symptom of disease. They are basically saying that Louis Pasteur was wrong and that Antoine’s Bechamp microzymian theory is right. The microzymian theory says that diseases are caused by unfavorable conditions in the host and environment cause the host’s microzymas to decompose tissue and cause bacteria. Bechamp’s model says that microzymas are tiny enzymes that produce enzymes and cells when they have favorable conditions.

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