The Werther Effect

The Werther Effect

The Werther Effect - The Daily Concept
The Werther Effect – The Daily Concept

Not long ago, the media highly publicized the suicide of fashion designer Kate Spade. Yesterday, Anthony Bourdain took his own life, another act highly publicized by the media. Both individuals were highly successful in what they were doing, were icons in their area of expertise and both were about the same age when they committed suicide.  Anthony Bourdain left no reason behind his act and we can only speculate on why he did what he did. I’m attributing his action to the Werther Effect.

What is the Werther Effect?  In a few words, this effect refers to a wave of copycat suicides following a highly publicized one. The name Werther comes from Goethe’s novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther. In the novel Wether commits suicide by shooting himself with a pistol after being rejected by the woman he loves. After the publication of the novel, a wave of young men using the same method to end their lives resulted in the book being banned in some places.

The people who commit copycat acts tend to identify with the persons that ended their lives, to have the same age and gender. We only know about the deaths of Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain because of their highly publicized profiles, we don’t know about the other people who copied their acts and died in their shadows. This effect rises questions about the ethics of publicizing suicides.

 

For more Daily Concepts check out The Daily Concept App

Get it on Google Play

Object Relations Theory

Object Relations Theory

Object Relations Theory - The Daily Concept
Object Relations Theory – The Daily Concept

The object relations theory states states that the way people relate to others and situations in their adult lives is shaped by family experiences during childhood. For example, someone neglected or abused in infancy would expect similar behavior from others, these images of people and events turn into “objects” that are used by the subconscious to predict people’s behavior. Later experiences can shape these objects but objects often continue to exert a strong influence throughout life.

For more Daily Concepts check out The Daily Concept App

Get it on Google Play

PASS Theory of Intelligence

PASS Theory of Intelligence

PASS Theory of Intelligence - The Daily Concept
PASS Theory of Intelligence – The Daily Concept

The PASS theory of intelligence states that cognition is organized in three systems and four processes: Planning (responsible for controlling & organizing behavior, constructing strategies and monitoring performance), Attention (maintains arousal levels and alertness), Simultaneous Processing and Successive Processing (encode, transform and retain information).

The PASS type of intelligence is tested with the Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System (CAS) and unlike other IQ tests, the PASS is capable of diagnosing learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, autism, mental retardation, cognitive changes in aging and Down syndrome.

 

For more Daily Concepts check out The Daily Concept App

Get it on Google Play

Anomie

Anomie

Anomie - The Daily Concept
Anomie – The Daily Concept

The state of anomie occurs when society offers little moral guidance to individuals, it’s the breakdown of social bonds between individual and society, the fragmentation of identity. This concept was popularized in 1897 by the French sociologist Emile Durkheim. According to Durkheim, anomie usually occurs when there is a mismatch between individual or group standards and wider social standards or from the lack of a social ethic.

Examples: an individual that strives to achieve the common goals of a certain society might use a behavior that violates social norms, if he can’t achieve these goals legitimately because of the structural limits in the society.

Another anomie example occurs among tourists:

“travel has the advantage of permitting the traveller to behave in a manner normally circumvented by the dictates of convention. When on holiday the tourist can overstep the bounds of fashion, tell a few stories normally deemed improper or inappropriate, wear flashy clothes, eat exotic food, get drunk, become more sexually permissive, alter his timetable, stay up half the night, listen to loud local music, etc., in short, indulge in those kinds of behavior generally frowned upon in his home environment.”

 

For more Daily Concepts check out The Daily Concept App

Get it on Google Play

Triune Brain

Triune Brain

Triune Brain - The Daily Concept
Triune Brain – The Daily Concept

The Triune Brain is a model for the evolution of the vertebrates brain proposed by the American physician and neuroscientist Paul D. MacLean. The Triune Brain consists of the reptilian complex, the paleomammalian complex (lymbic system) and the neomammalian complex (neocortex).

The reptilian complex is responsible for instinctual behaviors involved in aggression, dominance, territoriality and ritual displays.

The paleomammalian complex is responsible for the motivation and emotion involved in feeding, reproductive behavior, and parental behavior, mutual reciprocity.

The neomammalian complex is responsible for the abilities of language, abstraction, planning and perception.

For more Daily Concepts check out The Daily Concept App

Get it on Google Play